This work is a work in progress and not yet a rough draft. Title says it all. This is the most interesting subject I’ve ever researched. The theory involves high altitude and cannabis. And I was high smoking cannabis when I accumulated these facts. This content is still in a raw form. Some content is duplicated and some major areas yet lack development. It’s cool enough to just click on the links and read though in its present form though.

INTRODUCTION

Geographic Origin of Cannabis

Split from Humulus

EVOLUTION AFTER EXTREME CLIMATE CHANGE

Meteor Strikes

Tectonic Plate Collision and Rise of Himalayas

MIGRATION INTO GEOGRAPHIC ORIGIN OF CANNABIS AREA

YIN YANG THEORY 

SCIENTIFIC THEORY

Solar Radiation

X Rays 1895

Genetic Cancer 1928

INTRODUCTION

Cannabis originated at a high altitude in a rocky soil. Theory exists that the high altitude influenced the plant Cannabis to generate THC in its leaves as a protection against solar radiation. Little analysis is given to the evolution of the roots of Cannabis. The Tibetan Plateau is a junction of the earth’s basic mineral elements of rock, water, and solar radiation. The roots of the plant must have also generated what would be required for the plant to survive in the high solar environment. Precursor chemicals for the leaves to process so to speak. Western medicine and Pharmaceutical Companies, have not commented on the interlinked Evolutionary Theory of Plants and Humans. Although not evolutionary theory per se, ancient Chinese Herbal Medicine centers on balance and flow of force, which implies, to me, a balance of Plants and Man over time.

The balance of light and dark, sun and shadow, earth and sky, etc, is represented in ancient Chinese medicine and philosophy by what is known to us in the West as Yin and Yang today. The area where Cannabis was first cultivated by man is in the general area where Yin and Yang began. High altitude. The School of Naturalists is often associated with early origins of Yin and Yang, but it likely goes further back.

Geographic Origin of Cannabis

McPartland, Long, and Hegman conducted a pollen study of Cannabis to determine it’s origin and disbursement over time, and published the results in 2019: Cannabis in Asia: its center of origin and early cultivation, based on a synthesis of subfossil pollen and archaeobotanical studies. This article borrows much from them. More on that in the text below a picture from their study.

Geographical center of Cannabis origin near Qinghai Lake, Tibetan Plateau
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Bin-1-196Ma-116ka-Age-weighted-geographical-centroid-for-Cannabis-data-is-marked-by_fig2_333095729

Split from Humulus

In the image above, Cannabis pollen is represented by a solid circle. Humulus is represented by an empty circle. The larger the circles are, the older the pollen. The black star above is where the scientists estimate that cannabis first diverged from Humulus and became it’s own species. This star is in an area about 11,000 feet above Sea Level in an area near Qinghai Lake today.

From their study: The oldest C–H pollen consistent with Cannabis dated to 19.6 ago (Ma), in northwestern China. However, Cannabis and Humulus diverged 27.8 Ma, estimated by a molecular clock analysis. We bridged the temporal gap between the divergence date and the oldest pollen by mapping the earliest appearance of Artemisia. These data converge on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, which we deduce as the Cannabis centre of origin, in the general vicinity of Qinghai Lake. This co-localizes with the first steppe community that evolved in Asia.

Below is a topographic map showing the Qinghai Lake basin.

Qinghai Lake Basin Tibetan Plateau
Qinghai Lake Basin Tibetan Plateau

The image above shows the river system in the area where the oldest Cannabis pollen has been discovered. This river basin is fed in large part by snowmelt from the Tibetan Plateau above and to the west. You can see that cannabis seeds could easily have washed from the plateau downstream from Qinghai Lake. This area was once the headwaters of the Yellow River until a section of mountain rose, blocking the flow of snow melt from the area above, forming the Lake.

I don’t know when ancient man first appeared in in the fertile area between the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers to cultivate Cannabis and spread its seeds. The seeds could also have been spread by birds (birds love the seeds) or other animals. In general though, Cannabis spread from Qinghai Lake basin of the Tibetan Plateau downhill towards the Yellow Sea.

Tibetan Plateau Elevation, Temperature, Soil, Vegetation (NVDI)

The above images above show the Elevation, Temperature, Vegetation, Soil Moisture, and Vegetation (NDVI) of the Tibetan Plateau. Qinghai Lake is in a valley of the plateau in the top right quadrant of these images. The Temperature in the valley area is warmer than the top of the Plateau. Soil Moisture is lower in this area than you might expect. Qinghai Lake is in a border are where Vegetation begins to grow more strongly on the Plateau. Not much can grow over large areas of the higher elevations.

Also note briefly here that the most likely area for humans to cultivate Cannabis seems to be around the area known at points as the State of Qi, which is to say, in the warmer area below the area of Qinghai Lake. State of Qi is again associated with Jixia Academy, School of Naturalists, the Hundreds Schools of Thought, YinYang, etc. Anyways, methinks they were smoking weed.

Warring States of China 260 BC
https://slideplayer.com/slide/6381488/

EVOLUTION AFTER EXTREME CLIMATE CHANGE

Science Direct: There were two major meteor strikes in 35.5 and 35.0 BC, at Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, and the Popigai crater in northern Siberia. The meteor strikes put dust into the atmosphere blocking sunlight and lowering temperature. This caused mass extinction events of plants and animals.  Depending on the source, this time period marks the boundary between the Eocene and Oligocene epochs. Others put it at 33.7 MYA.

Meteor Strikes

These meteor strikes affect our climate to this day. Water froze, forming the polar ice sheets. The polar sheets reflected sunlight and heat, cooling the climate. The polar sheets haven’t melted completely yet. Donald Prothero:

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1994AREPS..22..145P

Tectonic Plate Collision and Rise of Himalayas

What we know today as India was once a large island. Millions of years ago (MYA), The Indian-Australian Tectonic Plate moved north and collided with the Asian Plate, causing the earth to rise tremendously in the area called the Himalayan Mountains today.  USGS: Among the most dramatic and visible creations of plate-tectonic forces are the lofty Himalayas, which stretch 2,900 km along the border between India and Tibet. This immense mountain range began to form between 40 and 50 million years ago, when two large landmasses, India and Eurasia, driven by plate movement, collided. Because both these continental landmasses have about the same rock density, one plate could not be subducted under the other. The pressure of the impinging plates could only be relieved by thrusting skyward, contorting the collision zone, and forming the jagged Himalayan peaks.

Thus the Himalayas would have been rising in the period of 28 MYA when McFarland et al estimated that Cannabis split from Humulus and became its own species. Cannabis would also have evolved after the mass extinction events due to the meteor strikes.

Not only did Cannabis originate in an area of high solar radiation and extremely cold temperature, it did so in an area of poor, elemental, rocky soil. The Himalayas were bedrock thrust upward. Not much biomass was left over Tibet over time as biomass washed down through fissures in the rock as it cracked and rose, and washed down to lower elevations in snowmelt. Species develop characteristics over time adapt and survive in their environment. Cannabis would have developed characteristics to protect itself from cold and solar radiation.

MIGRATION THEORY INTO GEOGRAPHIC ORIGIN OF CANNABIS AREA

Man came much later to Tibet and settled a valley area on the plateau. STUDY ON SUMMER AND WINTER CAMPS OF EARLY MAN ON TIBETAN PLATEAU. “Taken together, we determined 8.4–6.0 cal. ka BP as a transitional period from the Paleolithic to Neolithic Ages, and winter camps of hunter-gatherers evolved into settlements in the Neolithic Age.” … Previous studies suggest that hunter-gatherers did not occupy the plateau during the winter until to the Neolithic age. It was not until 3.6 cal. ka BP with the support of animal domistication and barley cultivation that prehistoric humans could occupy the plateau all year round13. However, according to the studies of Chusang site there are some scholars believe that hunter-gatherers had occupied the plateau all through the year since the early Holocene14. Nevertheless, this conclusion has been questioned owing to the controversy over its travel cost modelling of hunter-gatherers11. At present, many studies showed that the life style of hunter-gatherers before the Neolithic Age was dominated by high mobility15. It is likely that they migrated to lower elevation regions in order to avoid extremely harsh winter environments, while they would have moved to higher elevation, regions to hunt in the summer6,11. This section could use a lot more study. Cannabis was a source of food (seeds). You could make cloth from it. You could burn it for heat. It grew where some other plants couldn’t. I just feel like there’s more to learn about the first contacts of man and cannabis.

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/40334/lhasa-tibet

Earth Observatory: With an elevation of 3,650 meters (11,975 feet), Lhasa, Tibet is one of the highest elevation cities in the world. The city fills a flat river valley nestled in the ranges of the Himalaya Mountains. … The high mountains are brown: little vegetation was growing on November 24, 2005, when the image was taken. The city, however, is an oasis. Lhasa is red and silver in the false-color image in which plant-covered land is red and man-made surfaces tend to be silver or white. … Lhasa is the administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region in the People’s Republic of China. Situated in the center of the Tibetan Plateau, the city has a long history of government. The city’s most famous landmarks, the Potala Palace and the Norbulingka, were the winter and summer homes of the Dalai Lama, the political and religious leader of Tibet until 1959.

Lhasa is in a valley area of the Tibetan Plateau south of the Qinghai Lake Basin valley where Cannabis is believed to have originated.

https://www.greattibettour.com/lhasa-travel-tips/map.html

YIN YANG THEORY

It’s easy to see the “yin and yang” in the evolution of Cannabis. Yin and Yang as I understand it is like life forces that ebb and flow. The evolution of Cannabis balances the Heavens and Earth, or Radiation and elemental rock. Of course, all plants balance sunlight and soil, but in the case of Cannabis, it evolved in an area of extreme radiation and barren rock.

SCIENTIFIC THEORY

However, there’s not much “scientific research” that I’ve found to quote on the role of radiation in the creation of THC and other Cannabinoids. The best representative quote of the theory on radiation and THC I’ve found is from a Cannabis seed provider, Royal Queen Seeds: Have you ever wondered why potent cannabis strains often originate from landraces that naturally grow in high altitude regions? There are experts who suspect ultraviolet light, especially a high exposure to UVB wave lengths (280-315nm), to be responsible for an increased THC production. The theory is based on the fact that a high elevation means lesser atmosphere between cannabis plants and the sun, leading to a higher exposure to UV rays. These ultraviolet wave lenghts knowingly damage our skin, and the human body reacts by producing melanin as protection – a cannabis plant assumingly does something similar – it produces more resin and THC as a form of natural sunscreen.

Solar Radiation. Wikipedia: “Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer, globally accounting for at least 40% of cancer cases.” Solar radiation is pretty rough up on Lhasa, Tibet, as this picture shows as only a picture can.

Tibet Solar Radiation Lhasa

X – Rays 1895

PBS: X-Rays were discovered by German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in December 1895. By January 27, 1986, American chemist and homeopathic physician Émil Grubbé had radiated his hand enough to cause burns. “As a result of his experiments, Grubbé developed severe burns on the back of his hand. On Jan. 27, 1896, he consulted his medical professors at Hahnemann. The homeopathic doctors were astounded by the physical damage the x-rays caused to Grubbé’s hand. But Grubbé’s “Eureka moment” came when J.E. Gilman, one of the doctors he consulted that day, observed: “any physical agent capable of doing so much damage to normal cells and tissues might offer possibilities, if used as a therapeutic agent, in the treatment of pathologic conditions in which irritative, blistering, or even destructive effects might be desirable”. Later Grubbe tested radiation on tumors in humans.

This section needs much more research and an article of its own. Basically we’re getting into the era where man has some new toys to test on things like curing and causing things like cancer.

Genetic Cancer 1928. By this point scientists at Cold Springs Harbor can produce cancer and transfer the cancer to offspring thus making a type of genetic cancer. Also in 1928, an International Opium Convention referred to Cannabis as a “drug” and not a “medicine,” as referenced later by Harry Anslinger in his staged act against Cannabis before the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937.

Good article Cannabis, radiation, evolution

And thus the stage is set for the battle between natural things which affordably cure cancer and those manmade things which expensively cause cancer. And the ages old battle continued for world power versus health and freedom.

TO BE UPDATED

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