INTRODUCTION

The FDA makes a deliberately misleading statement: Congress reacted to the tragedy, which killed over 100 people, by enacting a new federal food and drug statute, the 1938 Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. What the FDA does not tell you is that the Legislation had stalled before the so-called Sulfanilamide Disaster of 1937.  The description “Sulfanilamide Disaster” is also designed to cover the tracks of the crime, as Sulfanilamide was by and large a safe and effective antibiotic and Diethylene Glycol was well-known to have caused the deaths.  

It fits a larger pattern to say that the “Sulfanilamide Disaster” was part of a deliberate strategy to eliminate natural plants from medicine and monopolize the Chemical/Pharmaceutical Model of Medicine by increasing the regulatory power of the United States.  This is my conclusion.  

I will briefly discuss some background information to support my conclusions, then provide some specific original source analysis of the Diethylene Glycol Disaster.

As with all my works, this article is in “rough draft” form where you have to do much of the thinking yourself.  I connect some dots, but I’m not spending months writing this type of article.  I would like to see other professional researchers and writers do a better job with the information I am providing here. Here’s an outline on how this article is organized:

TOPICS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH

BACKGROUND – Rockefeller Institute Efforts to Monopolize Medicine in the United States.

BACKGROUND – Criminalization of Medical use of Cannabis.  

BACKGROUND – Rockefeller and Bayer Partnership.

BACKGROUND-  Harold Cole Watkins

SPECIFIC ORIGINAL SOURCE ANALYSIS


TOPICS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH

Was Mayer Amschel Bauer, who changed his name to Mayer Amschel Rothschild, related to the Bayers of the Bayer pharmaceutical company?

Was Mayer Amschel Bauer, who changed his name to Mayer Amschel Rothschild, related to the Bayers of the Bayer pharmaceutical company?

Was Mayer Amschel Bauer, who changed his name to Mayer Amschel Rothschild, related to the Bayers of the Bayer pharmaceutical company? What company discovered Diethylene Glycol in 1869? What company was considering the Medical applications of Diethylene Glycol around 1916? What company first produced Diethylene Glycol in bulk in 1928? What else is in the study Studies on the Physiological Effect of Diethyelene Glycol Toxicity and Fate. H. B. Haag and A. M. Ambrose of September 4, 1936 past the first page?  What companies did Harold Cole Watkins work for 1900-1935?  

BACKGROUND – Rockefeller Institute Efforts to Monopolize Medicine in the United States.

The Rockefeller Institute engaged in an effort to monopolize the industry of Medicine by installing the “German Model” of Medicine in the United States, which is to say, to turn the industry into a monopolized chemical distribution industry.  The Rockefeller Institute financed the “Flexner Report” in 1910 through the Carnegie Institute.  The Flexner Report recommended Central Planning of the industry of Medicine.  

(Brief Tangent:  Central Planning was a centerpiece of Communism.  In Russia, a central planner told the “Communes” what they should produce- steel, grain, etc.   While elements of Communism can be traced to earlier efforts by the Globalists, the Communism effort began in earnest in 1917 with the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.  The funding of the Bolshevik Revolution can be traced to the Rothschilds through their agent Jacob Schiff.  Central Planning recommendations to restrict and monopolize the supply of Opium, from the same Pharma/Chemcial Medicine Monopoly interests, can also be found in various Hague Conventions on Opium in the early 20th Century.)  

The Flexner Report identified every medical institution in the United States.  They recommended restricting supply.  These further proposed that these medical institutions should meet standards set by the central planner.  The Rockefeller Institute could then fund those institutions that met their standards, and by virtue of their generous funding, could select Presidents of the institutions, thus influencing the industry.

Financial influence was insufficient to monopolize the medical industry, eliminate natural plants as a form of medicine, and install their Chemical/Pharmaceutical model however.  They needed the power of government regulation.  It was easy for others to create and market natural plant products as medicine.  The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 was an effort to regulate natural plant forms of medicine out of the industry, but the Act lacked sufficient enforcement teeth.  The monopoly interests later proposed to strengthen the 1906 Act with another Act in 1937, but the 1937 Act stalled in Congress.   Then, coincidentally, they got the perfect Disaster they needed to highlight the shortcomings of the 1906 Act and create the need for Congress to pass the 1937 Act.  

BACKGROUND – Criminalization of Medical use of Cannabis.  

An effort to regulate cannabis out of Medicine can be traced back to at least 1913 in California, culminating in the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937.  Cannabis is one of the oldest forms of natural Medicine known to mankind.  It was one of the first plants cultivated by mankind.  Cannabis was widely prescribed in the United States in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century for a wide variety of illnesses.  The reason Cannabis works for a wide variety of illnesses is that Cannabis activates the Endocannabinoid system in humans, which is responsible for regulating the body’s natural responses to illnesses.  The Pharma/Chemical Model is all about the “Magic Bullet” approach to disease, where one Chemical kills one Disease, as opposed to having the body respond naturally to all diseases.  Cannabis was the primary enemy of the Pharma/Chemical Monopolists because it works so well.  It is the reason this one plant was singled out among many for specific legislation, although these criminals have attacked the entire herbal industry to a lesser extent. I will overlay some important milestones in the war of Good versus Evil, Cannabis vs. Chemicals, in the timeline of original source analysis, but it is by no means complete.

BACKGROUND – Rockefeller and Bayer Partnership. 

Bayer pharmaceutical was on of the companies that merged to form IG Farben in Germany in 1925.  Rockefeller’s Standard Oil in the United States was partnered with Germany’s IG Farben in World War II as a war profiteering partnership representing the warring countries.  The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Germany began research into military applications of hydrogen cyanide, Zyklon B, in 1919. (Zykon B was also used as an “insecticide,” which was part of the FDA’s name until July 1930 when it was removed).  The Rockefeller Institute funded the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute beginning around the early 1920s.  Bayer pharmaceutical, as part of the Rockefeller-IG Farben partnership, manufactured the Zyklon B used to exterminate humans in nazi concentration camps in the 1930s, just in case you think that companies like these are morally incapable of deliberately creating a “Disaster” to create legislation that they would profit from.

Bayer began manufacturing Sulfanilamide in 1932 as Prontosil around 1932-1933.  It is unclear if Bayer was the first to discover Sulfanilamide.  Some sources identify Bayer as the first, but they were apparently unable to patent the chemical and it was widely produced by other companies.   Question:  who first invented Sulfanilamide

BACKGROUND- Harold Cole Watkins.

Harold Cole Watkins began working for unknown pharmaceutical companies in 1900.  Harold Cole Watkins sold a weight loss product in 1929 based on Diethylene Glycol, which does cause weight loss in a deadly manner.  A study in 1931 calculated the deadly effects of Diethylene Glycol.  Harold Cole Watkins joined Massengill Company in 1935, bringing his poisonous Diethylene Glycol interests with him.  Sulfanilamide was used safely and extensively in Europe in 1935 in powder form.  It wasn’t until June 1937, after the 1937 Act that created the FDA had stalled in Congress, that Harold Cole Watkins and Massengill Company decided it would be a great idea to make a liquid form of Sulfanilamide for the public, and chose Diethylene Glycol as a solvent for the Sulfanilamide powder among many solvents available.  Samuel Massengill stated to the AMA that he had broken no laws in the Diethylene Glycol Disaster in 1937, but was fined in 1938 based on a labeling technicality, because his company had used the term “Elixir” on the bottle, and elixir meant that the product contained alcohol, which it did not.   Harold Cole Watkins supposedly felt so bad about it all that he shot himself in the chest in 1939 in what appears to be yet another chapter of “blame it on the dead guy” disinformation.   

SPECIFIC ORIGINAL SOURCE ANALYSIS

1700. “Health care reforms” lead to changes at the Angel Pharmacy. (Which later became Merck). At the turn of the 18th century, major changes are made to drug legislation. Government regulation of medical professions is increased; institutional supply of the population is regulated, standardized and professionalized by social and health policy measures of the “Medical Police”. The sale of medicines by “charlatans, barber surgeons and mongers” is highly restricted. This strengthens the position, image and profits of pharmacies, especially in cities with a higher number of wealthy inhabitants – provided that the new regulations are applied with a bit entrepreneurial foresight. The young Angel Pharmacy is able to lay the foundations for the future. Merck from 1668 to today.

1743. Mayer Amschel Bauer changed his name to Mayer Amschel Rothschild. Red Ice Creations. Question for researchers: Was Mayer Amschel Bauer related to the Bayers of Bayer pharmaceutical company?

1869. Some company discovered Diethylene Glycol in 1869 and began producing it in 1928. The internet, Wikipedia and Google search at least, is scrubbed of other information relating to whoever discovered and produced the chemical or its predecessor ethylene glycol. Most every widely sold drug or chemical has a proud and public history. Not this stuff. (The “production of explosives” would almost certainly have involved the DuPonts). Question for researchers: What company discovered Diethylene Glycol in 1869? What company first produced Diethylene Glycol in bulk in 1928? Opinion on Diethylene glycol.

1880-1900. “Patent Medicines” increase their market share from 28% to 72%. This is called “free market.” The FDA describes those who prescribed and used them as “gullible physicians” and “ignorant laymen.” I argue the opposite is true- that the conditions the FDA described were only true after FDA regulations created barriers to actual medical knowledge and turned the average doctor into a rubber stamp.

FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History

1887. Dr. Birch treats Opium addiction with Cannabis. The same Evil consortium that banned Medicinal Cannabis were behind Opium/Heroin addiction and death. The Use of Indian Hemp in the Treatment of Chronic Chioral and Chronic Opium Poisoning BY E.A. BIRCH, M.D

Late 1890s. “In the late 1890s, drug companies Eli Lilly & Co. and Parke-Davis & Co., in a rare cooperative venture, combined forces to breed Cannabis at Lilly’s Greenfield, Indiana farm. The companies touted their results as a new species, Cannabis Americana, a ‘new and potent strain of domestic Cannabis.’” Cannabis Museum

1898. Bayer invents Heroin.

1899. The Merck field manual mentions cannabis indica as a treatment for over 50 ailments.  Gutenberg. As described by Hempster, “By the early 1900s, cannabis extract was so popular that doctors were prescribing it for just about every ailment. Cannabis extract was not only viewed as an effective analgesic and sedative, but also as a remedy for anyone suffering from migraines, nausea, addiction, menstrual pain, gout, whooping cough, epilepsy and cancer, just to name a few. It was even used to treat sexually transmitted diseases, like gonorrhea and herpes!”

1905. The American Medical Association (AMA) tries to have the Federal government crack down on providers of “Patent Medicine,” but is unsuccessful.

FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History

6.30.1906. The Pure Food and Drug Act is signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt. The Act enabled the Bureau of Chemistry, the forerunner of the FDA, to regulate some aspects of labeling of medical products, but as the FDA later wrote, the Act “wielded little in the way of a stick.”

Wikipedia Pure Food and Drug Act
FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History

1910. FLEXNER REPORT – GERMAN MODEL IMPOSED UPON THE UNITED STATES/ HERBALISTS UNDER ATTACK  This college lecture is well done. It was influential to me and I believe the author deserves credit, so please watch it. I have a .pdf of the “Flexner Report” somewhere but I can’t find it. It’s extremely boring. I do, however, have a few screenshots saved where Flexner recommends restricting the supply of medicine, below the video.

1911-1912. The US Supreme Court in 1911, US v Johnson, pushes back on enforcement efforts under the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. Congress responded to the Supreme Court in 1912 by passing the Sherley Amendment, which prohibited labels “intended to defraud” the consumer.

FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History

1917-1918. Cannabis used in the field by US medics WW1. Cannabis Indica imports were unavailable due to the War, so the US medics used Cannabis Americana. Cannabis Americana proved to be as effective as cannabis indica, leading to American WWI medics being instructed to carry one bottle of cannabis extract tablets for every 1000 men in the field. The US was leading the world in medicinal cannabis research at the time, and scientists believed that these tablets would be an effective treatment for soldiers suffering from headaches, insomnia and cramps, as well as any pain or irritability stemming from trench foot. SOURCE: Hempster

1929. Harold Watkins was selling some form of Diethylene glycol as a weight loss medicine. Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

July 1930. Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration is shortened to Food and Drug Administration.

FDA’s Origin

1931. Von Oettingen and Jiroucli determine the lethal dose of Diethylene Glycol. I can’t get to the original study by Von Oettingen and Jiroucli. The information below published in Opinion on Diethylene glycol. Wikipedia falsely states that the discovery of the deadly effects of Diethylene Glycol was in 1937, although it doesn’t state how it was discovered: that is to say, whether it was discovered from the “Sulfanilamide Disaster” or an early 1937 study of Ambrose. In any case this section in Wikipedia is sorely lacking and misleading and needs to be updated.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diethylene_glycol

1932. Bayer discovers Sulfanilamide. Maybe? Useless Information

1933. FDA recommends a complete revision of the 1906 Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics Act.

Milestones in U.S. Food and Drug Law

June 1934. The Supreme Court upholds taxing things to Prohibit them, as opposed to the public process of actually introducing policy to Prohibit them. It’s a sneaky, deceptive method. Of course, they start off with something the public will agree with- machine guns, then apply it to things the public will not agree with. This tactic was used against Cannabis. “The Firearms Act, passed in June 1934, was the first act to hide Congress’ motives behind a prohibitive tax. The Supreme Court unanimously upheld the anti-machine gun law on March 29, 1937. Oliphant had undoubtedly been awaiting the Court’s decision, and the Treasury Department introduced its marihuana tax bill two weeks later, April 14, 1937.” Jack Herer.

1935. Sulfanilamide is used heavily in Europe. Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

1935. Harold Cole Watkins joins Massengill Company, bringing his interests in the poisonous Diethylene Glycol with him. Question for researchers: Who did Harold Cole Watkins work for in the period 1900-1935?

Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

September 4, 1936 A study by Ambrose and Haag is received by the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, discussing the toxic effects of Diethylene Glycol. Only the first page of this study is available to me. It discusses the applications of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and propylene glycol for human use: The 1936 study says: “little, strangely enough, has been published concerning the toxicity of Diethylene Glycol.” The first page notes that twenty years previously (roughly 1916), some people were considering the medical uses of Diethylene Glycol. Question for researchers: Who was considering the medical uses of Diethylene Glycol around 1916?? STUDIES ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF DIETHYLENE GLYCOL II. TOXICITY AND FATE

1937. By 1937, the FDA describes that free market processes were not favoring the Chemical/Pharmaceutical Monopoly Model. (Sulfanilamide was a chemical, but not owned in patent by the Chemical Consortium). Sulfanilamide Disaster

FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History
FDA: Sulfanilamide Disaster

1.6.1937Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act introduced.  IT STALLS.

Sulfanilamide Disaster

April 27, 1937. Hearings begin in Congress on the taxation of Marijuana begin. They lie and say it is “deadly,” despite it being used for thousands of years without a death attributed to the plant. It is an effort to criminalize their competition which can be grown by anyone, and monopolize their inferior and deadly forms of Chemical Medicine.

Drug Library

May 11, 1937. Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 introduced in Congress. It sailed through Congress quickly, as opposed to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act of 1937. No false flags required on marijuana thanks to the effective Propaganda of Harry Anslinger (who was a pawn of this Chemical Cartel that used the United States Treasury Department to traffic Opium).

Wikipedia Marihuana Tax Act of 1937

June 1937.

Sulfanilamide Disaster

August 28, 1937. S.E. Massengill Company begins production of “Elixir Sulfanilamide” which contains Diethhylene glycol.

Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

September 4, 1937.  S. E. Massengill Company begins selling “Elixir Sulfanilamide” which contained Diethylene Glycol.

Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

October 11, 1937. The American Medical Association received a report of several deaths caused by Elixir Sulfanilamide from physicians in Oklahoma. The AMA, a private institution, issued warnings, but apparently did not inform the government.

Sulfanilamide Disaster

October 14, 1937. A physician in New York informs the FDA, according to the FDA. It is unclear exactly when the “FDA” was formed. I believe it was formed in July 1938 in the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act.

Sulfanilamide Disaster.

September – October 1937. Deaths are attributed to Diethylene Glycol.

Sulfanilamide Disaster

November 3, 1937. Massengill states to the American Medical Association (AMA) that “I have violated no law.” (Note: Full Letter needed). Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

November 25, 1937. The Secretary of Agriculture sends a report on Elixir Sulfanilamide to the Senate in response to a Senate Resolution on November 16, 1937. Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

Letter from Secretary of Agriculture to US Senate

June 15, 1938. Samuel Evans Massengill, founder, and president of the company was arrested on June 13, 1938, charged with 259 violations of the 1906 Food and Drugs Act. All were related to the interstate shipment of a misbranded and adulterated elixir. If found guilty, Massengill faced a maximum sentence of 261 years in prison and a fine of $261,000 (approximately $4.5 million today.) He posted $25,000 bail and was immediately released. Useless Information

June 25, 1938.  Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act signed by FDR. It required manufacturers of medicine to submit information of Safety to the FDA prior to marketing any medicines. This is a huge restriction on herbal medicine, unorganized and poor in comparison to the Chemical/Pharmaceutical companies. They won.

FDA and Clinical Drug Trials: A Short History

October 3, 1938. Samuel Massengill pays a fine for his role in over 100 murders to create a Pharmaceutical/Chemical Monopoly. On October 3rd, Massengill agreed to plead guilty to 112 of the counts in Greeneville, Tennessee. This was followed by a similar plea to 62 counts in Kansas City. He was fined $150 for each violation or $26,100 in total (about $450,000 today). He served no jail time. For a man worth an estimated $11 million in 1937, the penalty was fairly insignificant. Useless Information

January 17, 1939. Harold Cole Watkins, the chemist with the unknown background in Diethylene Glycol, dies of a gunshot wound to the chest- which is ruled a “suicide.” “While Massengill’s chief chemist Harold Cole Watkins – the man who formulated the toxic elixir – was never charged with any crime, he apparently was unable to live with the guilt of what had happened. He was found dead at age 58 in his kitchen on January 17, 1939. Watkins had shot himself in the heart with a .38-caliber automatic pistol.” Useless Information

December 15, 1946. Doctor Samuel Evans Massengill dies. His tombstone states the nature of how those who control scientific information and government use their information: “Where There is no Vision, the People Perish.” Exactly. Get it yet? They control knowledge, use it to enrich themselves, to satisfytheir Vices, and to kill us. Science works. We don’t know the plan. END.